Preprints

There are 1598 Preprints listed.

The role of large language models in interdisciplinary research: opportunities, challenges, and ways forward

Christos Mammides, Harris Papadopoulos

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

1. Large language models (LLMs) are gaining importance in research as they offer many benefits. One often overlooked benefit is their potential to facilitate and support interdisciplinary research, which is key to addressing current global challenges, such as the twin crises of biodiversity loss and climate change. 2. LMMs can help reduce the costs associated with knowledge transfer and bridge [...]

Poor hypotheses and research waste in biology: learning from a theory crisis in psychology

Shinichi Nakagawa, David W Armitage, Tom Froese, et al.

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

While psychologists have extensively discussed a ‘theory crisis’, there has been no debate about such a crisis in biology. However, biologists, especially those working in the fields of ecology and evolution, have long discussed communication failures between theoreticians and empiricists. We argue such failure is one aspect of a theory crisis because misapplied and misunderstood theories lead to [...]

Navigating phylogenetic conflict and evolutionary inference in plants with target capture data

Elizabeth M Joyce, Alexander N Schmidt-Lebuhn, Harvey K Orel, et al.

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Bioinformatics, Biology, Botany, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Evolution, Life Sciences, Plant Sciences, Research Methods in Life Sciences

Target capture has quickly become a preferred approach for plant systematic and evolutionary research, marking a step-change in the generation of data for phylogenetic inference. While this advancement has facilitated the resolution of many phylogenetic relationships, phylogenetic conflict continues to be reported, and often attributed to genome duplication, reticulation, deep coalescence or [...]

Multiple Disturbances, Multiple Legacies: Fire, Canopy Gaps, and Deer Jointly Change the Forest Seed Bank

Samuel Powers Reed, Alejandro A Royo de sedas, Walter P Carson, et al.

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Forest Sciences, Life Sciences, Plant Sciences

The manipulation of pre-colonial disturbances in U.S. forests can play a critical role in determining ecological composition, structure, and function. However, our understanding of how concurrent disturbances influence non-tree species is extremely limited in forests. To this end, we used a long-term, multi-disturbance experiment in an oak dominated forest in West Virginia, U.S.A. that [...]

Is the audience gender-blind? Smaller audience in female talks highlights prestige differences in academia

Júlia Rodrigues Barreto, Isabella Romitelli, Pamela Cristina Santana, et al.

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Sciences, Evolution, Gender Equity in Education, Higher Education, Inequality and Stratification, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Psychological Phenomena and Processes

Although diverse perspectives are fundamental for fostering and advancing science, power relations have limited the development, propagation of ideas, and recognition of minority groups in academia. Gender bias is one of the most well-documented processes, leading women to drop out of their academic careers due to fewer opportunities and lower prestige. Using long-term data (2008-2019) on talks [...]

IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, Mangroves of the Central Pacific

Joanna C. Ellison, Nicholas J. Crameri, Ena Suarez

Published: 2024-05-28
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

The Central Pacific mangrove province is a regional ecosystem subgroup (level 4 unit of the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology) including the marine ecoregions of the Gilbert/Ellis Islands, Marshall Islands, Phoenix/Tokelau/Northern Cook Islands, and Samoa Islands. The Central Pacific mangroves had a mapped extent in 2020 of 4.8 km2, representing less than 0.01% of the global mangrove area. The biota [...]

Ethical dilemma in conservation: a trolley problem thought experiment

Guillaume Latombe, Ugo Arbieu, Sven Bacher, et al.

Published: 2024-05-25
Subjects: Nature and Society Relations

Conservation decisions often need to integrate scientific predictions with societal values, ethical systems, and diverse perceptions that combine to form moral stances about conservation actions (e.g., trophy hunting or controlling invasive species). These can result in dilemmas and, if stakeholders hold different views on the morality of particular conservation actions, conflicts can arise. Here [...]

Unveiling the temporal signatures of demographic stochasticity from populations to metacommunities

Cristina Mariana Jacobi, Tadeu Siqueira

Published: 2024-05-25
Subjects: Life Sciences

The temporal stability of ecological properties tends to increase with spatial scale and levels of biological organization, which is mostly associated with deterministic processes. However, random fluctuations caused by demographic stochasticity in small populations might extend to communities and metacommunities, potentially affecting stability propagation across biological levels and spatial [...]

Light Pollution at Sea: Implications and Potential Hazards of Human Activity for Offshore Bird and Bat Movements in the Greater North Sea

Cormac Walsh, Ommo Hüppop, Thiemo Karwinkel, et al.

Published: 2024-05-25
Subjects: Environmental Health and Protection, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Studies, Life Sciences, Marine Biology, Natural Resources and Conservation, Natural Resources Management and Policy, Nature and Society Relations, Ornithology, Other Animal Sciences, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology, Water Resource Management, Zoology

Human activity in the North Sea is intensifying, as emerging uses, such as offshore wind farms (OWFs) and liquid natural gas (LNG) terminals, are added to fishing, freight shipping and fossil fuel production as traditional forms of resource exploitation. The volume and scale of these additional installations are projected to increase substantially in the coming decades, which amplifies the need [...]

Behavioral flexibility is related to foraging, but not social or habitat use behaviors, in a species that is rapidly expanding its range

Corina J Logan, Dieter Lukas, Xuewen Geng, et al.

Published: 2024-05-25
Subjects: Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Psychology

The ability of other species to adapt to human modified environments is increasingly crucial because of the rapid expansion of this landscape type. Behavioral flexibility, the ability to change behavior in the face of a changing environment by packaging information and making it available to other cognitive processes, is hypothesized to be a key factor in a species’ ability to successfully adapt [...]

“Keep your Nassauvieae close…and your Mutisieae CLOSER”…Phylogenetic relations of Macrachaenium Hook.f. (Asteraceae; Mutisieae)

Mark Alan Hershkovitz

Published: 2024-05-24
Subjects: Biodiversity

Reanalysis of Mutisioideae nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) rpl32-trnL spacer sequences demonstrates that the monotypic genus Macrachaenium Hook.f. pertains to Mutisioideae (Asteraceae) tribe Mutisieae, in which it was classified formerly, and not Nassauvieae, in which it is classified currently. The analysis also highlights persistent [...]

IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, Mangroves of the Eastern Coral Triangle

Daniel M. Alongi, Norman C. Duke, Joanna C. Ellison, et al.

Published: 2024-05-22
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Mangroves of the Eastern Coral Triangle are a regional ecosystem subgroup (level 4 unit of the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology). It includes the marine ecoregions of the Bismarck Sea, Solomon Archipelago, Solomon Sea, and Southeast Papua New Guinea. The mapped extent of mangroves in this province in 2020 was 2128.9 km2, representing 1.4% of the global mangrove area. The Eastern Coral Triangle is [...]

IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, Mangroves of the South Kuroshio

Tomomi Inoue, Shigeyuki Baba, Yasuaki Akaji, et al.

Published: 2024-05-22
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Mangroves of the South Kuroshio is a regional ecosystem subgroup (level 4 unit of the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology). It includes the marine ecoregions of the Central Kuroshio Current and South Kuroshio. In 2020, the mapped extent of the South Kuroshio mangrove province was 8.0 km2, representing less than 0.01% of the global mangrove area; the biota is characterized by 19 true mangrove species. [...]

IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, Mangroves of the Warm Temperate Northeast Pacific

Luis Valderrama-Landeros, Francisco Flores-de-Santiago, Giovanni Ávila-Flores, et al.

Published: 2024-05-22
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Mangroves of the Warm Temperate Northeast Pacific is a regional ecosystem subgroup (level 4 unit of the IUCN Global Ecosystem Typology). It includes the marine ecoregions of the South-Californian Pacific and the Gulf of California. The mapped extent of the Warm Temperate Northeast Pacific mangrove province in 2020 was 1,810.4 km², which represents 1.5% of the global mangrove area. There are three [...]

The effect of single versus successive warm summers on an intertidal community

Amelia Virginia Hesketh, Cassandra Konecny, Sandra Emry, et al.

Published: 2024-05-21
Subjects: Life Sciences

To accurately predict how organisms and ecological communities will respond to future conditions caused by climate change, we must consider the temporal dimension of environmental stressors, including the effects of repeated exposures to stress. We performed a two-year passive warming experiment in coastal British Columbia to explore the response of intertidal communities to single and successive [...]

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