Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Biodiversity

Quantifying research interests in 7,521 mammalian species with h-index: a case study

Jessica Tam, Malgorzata Lagisz, William K Cornwell, et al.

Published: 2021-11-18
Subjects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Taxonomic bias is a known issue within the field of biology, causing scientific knowledge to be unevenly distributed across species. However, a systematic quantification of the research interest that the scientific community has allocated to individual species remains a big data problem. Scalable approaches are needed to integrate biodiversity datasets and bibliometric methods across large [...]

Mexican agricultural frontier communities differ in forest dynamics with consequences for conservation and restoration

Madelon Lohbeck, Ben DeVries, Frans Bongers, et al.

Published: 2021-10-26
Subjects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Forest regrowth is key to achieve restoration commitments, but a general lack of understanding when it occurs and how long secondary forests persist, hampers effective upscaling. We quantified spatiotemporal forest dynamics in a recently colonized agricultural frontier in southern Mexico, and tested how temporal variation in climate, and cross-community variation in land ownership, land quality [...]

A force competition of predator on urban ecosystem

Kacharat Phormkhunathon

Published: 2021-10-25
Subjects: Animal Sciences, Animal Studies, Biodiversity, Biology, Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Urban Studies and Planning

Definitely the fact, is an undeniable impact of habitat change and fragmentation in the urban ecosystem take effect to species loss causes population decline into local extinction. The results that emerged from habitat selection in ecology in this case study may suggest possible opportunistic of population turnover are caused by behaviour adaptive in the life-history of predators. And provides [...]

Ecology and conservation of a living fossil: Australias Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis)

Berin Dylan Ewing Mackenzie, Steve W. Clarke, Heidi C. Zimmer, et al.

Published: 2021-10-21
Subjects: Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Genetics and Genomics, Horticulture, Life Sciences, Plant Biology, Plant Pathology, Plant Sciences, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology

The iconic Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) is a critically endangered Australian conifer and one of the world’s rarest trees with only 46 mature individuals remaining in the wild. The species is regarded as a ‘living fossil’ and was discovered on the brink of extinction following a natural historical decline. While its discovery has enabled crucial intervention for its long-term conservation, it [...]

NCBITaxonomy.jl - rapid biological names finding and reconciliation

Timothée Poisot, Rory Gibb, Sadie Jane Ryan, et al.

Published: 2021-10-21
Subjects: Biodiversity, Life Sciences

NCBITaxonomy.jl is a package designed to facilitate the reconciliation and cleaning of taxonomic names, using a local copy of the NCBI taxonomic backbone (Federhen 2012, Schoch et al. 2020); The basic search functions are coupled with quality-of-life functions including case-insensitive search and custom fuzzy string matching to facilitate the amount of information that can be extracted [...]

insectDisease: programmatic access to the Ecological Database of the Worlds Insect Pathogens

Tad Dallas, Colin J. Carlson, Patrick Stephens, et al.

Published: 2021-10-13
Subjects: Biodiversity, Life Sciences

Curated databases of species interactions are instrumental to exploring and understanding the spatial distribution of species and their biotic interactions. In the process of conducting such projects, data development and curation efforts may give rise to a data product with utility beyond the scope of the original work, but which becomes inaccessible over time. Data describing insect [...]

The importance of ecotype diversity on duckweed growth with and without salt stress

Sofia Julia van Moorsel

Published: 2021-10-05
Subjects: Biodiversity, Life Sciences

Aims The pollution of freshwater ecosystems is threatening freshwater plant species diversity worldwide. Freshwater plants, such as duckweed (Lemna minor), are potentially sensitive to novel stressful environments. To test if ecotype diversity could increase resistance to stressful environments, I used seven L. minor populations and measured their growth rates with and without moderate salt [...]

Dactylogyridae 2022: a meta-analysis of phylogenetic studies and generic diagnoses of parasitic flatworms using published genetic and morphological data

Nikol Kmentová, Armando J. Cruz-Laufer, Antoine Pariselle, et al.

Published: 2021-10-05
Subjects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Dactylogyridae is one of the most studied families of parasitic flatworms with more than 1000 species and 166 genera described to date including ecto-, meso-, and endoparasites. Dactylogyrid monogeneans have been used as model organisms for host-parasite macroevolutionary and biogeographical studies due to the scientific and economic importance of some of their host lineages. Consequently, an [...]

A practical conservation tool to combine diverse types of evidence for transparent evidence-based decision-making

Alec Philip Christie, Harriet Downey, Winifred F Frick, et al.

Published: 2021-10-01
Subjects: Agriculture, Animal Sciences, Biodiversity, Life Sciences

Making the reasoning and evidence behind conservation decisions clear and transparent is a key challenge for the conservation community. Similarly, combining evidence from diverse sources (e.g., scientific vs non- scientific information) into decision-making is also difficult. Our group of conservation researchers and practitioners has co-produced an intuitive tool and template [...]

Niche evolution and phylogenetic community paleoecology of Late Ordovician crinoids

Selina R. Cole, David Wright

Published: 2021-09-27
Subjects: Biodiversity, Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Paleobiology, Paleontology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Fossil crinoids are exceptionally suited to deep-time studies of community paleoecology and niche partitioning. By merging ecomorphological trait and phylogenetic data, this study summarizes niche occupation and community paleoecology of crinoids from the Bromide fauna of Oklahoma (Sandbian, Upper Ordovician). Further, patterns of community structure and niche evolution are evaluated over a ~5 [...]

Comment on “Information arms race explains plant-herbivore chemical communication in ecological communities”

Ethan Bass, André Kessler

Published: 2021-09-23
Subjects: Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Life Sciences, Plant Biology, Plant Sciences

Zu et al (Science, 19 Jun 2020, p. 1377) propose that an ‘information arms-race’ between plants and herbivores explains plant-herbivore communication at the community level. However, our analysis shows that key assumptions of the proposed model either a) conflict with standard evolutionary theory or b) are not supported by the available evidence. We also show that the presented statistical [...]

Matrix quality determines the strength of habitat loss filtering on bird communities at the landscape scale

Melina de Souza Leite, Andrea Larissa Boesing, Jean Paul Metzger, et al.

Published: 2021-09-19
Subjects: Animal Sciences, Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Ornithology, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology

Habitat loss represent a major threat to biodiversity, however, the modulation of their effects by the non-habitat matrix surrounding habitat patches is still undervalued. The landscape matrix might change community assembly in different ways. For example, low-quality matrices can accentuate environmental filtering by reducing resource availability and/or deteriorating abiotic conditions but they [...]

The potential contribution of private lands to U.S. 30x30 conservation

Melissa Chapman, Carl Boettiger, Justin S Brashares

Published: 2021-09-09
Subjects: Biodiversity, Life Sciences

Coincident with international movements to protect 30% of land and sea over the next decade (‘30x30’), the United States has committed to more than doubling its current protected land area by 2030. While publicly owned and managed protected areas have been the cornerstone of area-based conservation over the past century, such lands are costly to establish and have limited capacity to protect [...]

Make natures role visible to achieve the SDGs

Dave Hole, Pamela Collins, Anteneh Tesfaw, et al.

Published: 2021-09-07
Subjects: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Economics, Environmental Studies, Forest Sciences, Life Sciences, Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Central to the premise of the Sustainable Development Goals is the concept that the environment underpins the economic and social dimensions of development, yet the language and structure of the SDG framework are largely blind to these environment-development relationships beyond the "nature" Goals (14 and 15). As a result, ecosystem health continues to decline, development milestones lag, and [...]

Harmonizing taxon names in biodiversity data: a review of tools, databases, and best practices

Matthias Grenié, Emilio Berti, Juan D. Carvajal-Quintero, et al.

Published: 2021-09-03
Subjects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

1. The process of standardizing taxon names, taxonomic name harmonization, is necessary to properly merge data indexed by taxon names. The large variety of taxonomic databases and related tools are often not well described. It is often unclear which databases are actively maintained or what is the original source of taxonomic information. In addition, software to access these databases is [...]

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