Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Life Sciences

Behavioural plasticity shapes population ageing patterns

Marta Acácio, Kaija Gahm, Nili Anglister, et al.

Published: 2024-02-29
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Studying the mechanisms shaping age-related changes in behaviour (“behavioural ageing”) is important for understanding population dynamics in our changing world. Yet, studies that capture within-individual behavioural changes in wild populations of long-lived animals are still scarce. Here, we used a 15-year GPS-tracking dataset of a social obligate scavenger, the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), [...]

Evaluating Compatibility between the Key Biodiversity Area Proposal Process and Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities Environmental Priorities with evidence from Canada and Mi'kma'ki (Nova Scotia)

Jeffrey Robert Wall

Published: 2024-02-29
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration, Social and Behavioral Sciences

This report will demonstrate that no meaningful (non-random) compatibility exists between the Key Biodiversity Area proposal process – as it now exists and is being implemented globally and in Canada – and the biocultural priorities of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IP&LC’s)*. It is precisely because it is a global standard that no claim that KBA proposal meaningfully (non-randomly) [...]

Harnessing Large Language Models for Coding, Teaching, and Inclusion to Empower Research in Ecology and Evolution

Natalie Cooper, Adam T Clark, Nicolas Lecomte, et al.

Published: 2024-02-28
Subjects: Life Sciences

Large language models (LLMs) are a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that can perform various natural language processing tasks. The adoption of LLMs has become increasingly prominent in scientific writing and analyses because of the availability of free applications such as ChatGPT. This increased use of LLMs raises concerns about academic integrity, but also presents opportunities for the [...]

Biologging for the future: how biologgers can help solve fundamental questions, from individuals to ecosystems

Roxanne Beltran, A. Marm Kilpatrick, Simona Picardi, et al.

Published: 2024-02-25
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Archival instruments attached to animals (biologgers) have enabled exciting discoveries and have promoted effective conservation and management for decades. Recent research indicates that the field of biologging is poised to shift from pattern description to process explanation. Here we describe how biologgers have been - and can be - used to test hypotheses and challenge theory in behavior and [...]

Satellite derived trait data slightly improves tropical forest biomass, NPP and GPP predictions

Christopher Doughty, Camille Gaillard, Patrick Burns, et al.

Published: 2024-02-25
Subjects: Biology, Forest Sciences, Life Sciences

Improving tropical forest biomass predictions can accurately value tropical forests for their ecosystem services and establish confidence in carbon trading schemes such as REDD+. Optical remote sensing estimates of tropical forest biomass have produced spatially contradictory results that differ from ground plot biomass data. Recently, the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) lidar was [...]

The response of trophic interaction networks to multiple stressors in a marine latitudinal gradient of the Southern Hemisphere

Tomas Ignacio Marina, Leonardo A Saravia, Iara D Rodriguez, et al.

Published: 2024-02-24
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Marine Biology

Ecological networks offer valuable insights into community structure, key species identification, and ecosystem management for biodiversity conservation. Understanding how these networks react to environmental and anthropogenic stressors, especially along geographical gradients, is of increasing interest. This review presents a pioneering analysis of stressor responses in marine food webs from [...]

Mind the lag: understanding delayed genetic erosion

Roberta Gargiulo, Katharina B. Budde, Myriam Heuertz

Published: 2024-02-23
Subjects: Life Sciences

The delay between environmental changes and the corresponding genetic responses within populations is a common but surprisingly overlooked phenomenon in ecology, evolutionary and conservation genetics. This time lag problem can lead to erroneous conservation assessments when solely relying on genetic data. We identify population size, life-history traits, reproductive strategies and the severity [...]

Sex-specific discrimination of familiar and unfamiliar mates in the Tokay gecko

Marie-Ornelia Verger, Maëlle Devillebichot, Eva Ringler, et al.

Published: 2024-02-23
Subjects: Behavior and Ethology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

Social animals need to keep track of other individuals in their group to be able to adjust their behaviour accordingly and facilitate group cohesion. This recognition ability varies across species and is influenced by cognitive capacities such as learning and memory. In reptiles, particularly Squamates (lizards, snakes, and worm lizards), pheromonal communication is pivotal for territoriality, [...]

Layers of latency in social networks and their implications for comparative analyses

Delphine De Moor, Lauren J. N. Brent, Matthew Silk, et al.

Published: 2024-02-22
Subjects: Life Sciences

Animal social systems are remarkably diverse. Linking this diversity to its ecological and evolutionary drivers and consequences has been a major focus of biological research. Initial efforts have been done within groups, populations, and species. Equipped with this information, researchers are now turning to investigations of social structure that are comparative in nature. However, comparing [...]

Survival of the luckiest

Sergio Da Silva

Published: 2024-02-22
Subjects: Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Opposite dynamics are behind natural selection and sexual selection. When considering natural and sexual selection separately, the fittest individuals survive. However, when these processes interact, luck often determines the survivor. As a result, chance has a greater impact on evolution. Published. Cite as: Da Silva, Sergio. Survival of the Luckiest, International Review of Economics 71 [...]

Call for new unified criteria for registering species data on 2000 Natura network areas

Meritxell Genovart, Rob Salguero-Gomez, Fernando Colchero, et al.

Published: 2024-02-21
Subjects: Life Sciences

We advocate for new unified and realistic criteria for monitoring and reporting data on species from 2000 Natura areas that allows cross-border comparisons and conservation diagnosis.

The changing landscape of text mining - a review of approaches for ecology and evolution

Maxwell J Farrell, Nicolas Le Guillarme, Liam Brierley, et al.

Published: 2024-02-20
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences

In ecology and evolutionary biology, synthesis and modelling of data from published literature is a common practice for generating insight and testing theories across systems. However, the tasks of searching, screening, and extracting data from literature are often arduous. Researchers may manually process hundreds to thousands of articles for systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and compiling [...]

Environmental Stress, Bacterial Cell Differentiation, and Antimicrobial Resistance

Fernando Baquero, Ana Moreno-Blanco, Rosa del-Campo

Published: 2024-02-20
Subjects: Life Sciences

Environmental stress, either natural or anthropogenic, influences both the form and function of bacterial cells. The general stress adaptive response of bacteria alters the bacterial shape, resulting in functional changes, as the bacterial cell has associated “organules” and molecular interactions that are dependent on the cell’s topology. These changes in form and function are frequently linked [...]

Reporting guidelines for terrestrial respirometry: Building openness, transparency of metabolic and evaporative water loss data

Nicholas C. Wu, Lesley Ann Alton, Rafael P Bovo, et al.

Published: 2024-02-20
Subjects: Animal Experimentation and Research, Comparative and Evolutionary Physiology, Integrative Biology, Life Sciences

Respirometry is an important tool for understanding whole-animal energy and water balance in relation to their environment. Consequently, the growing number of studies using respirometry over the last decade warrants reliable reporting and data sharing for effective dissemination and research synthesis. We provide a checklist guideline on five key areas to facilitate the transparency and [...]

Tempo and mode of diapause evolution in butterflies

Sridhar Halali, Etka Yapar, Christopher Wheat, et al.

Published: 2024-02-19
Subjects: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Life Sciences

Quantifying the tempo and mode via modern phylogenetic comparative methods can provide insights into how selection and constraints shape trait evolution. Here we elucidate the evolution of diapause, a complex and key trait that allows temporal escape from unfavorable conditions in many insects, including our model system, butterflies. Using a thorough literature survey, we first scored the [...]

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