A big data and machine learning approach for monitoring the condition of ecosystems

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Authors

Miguel Equihua , Octavio Pérez-Maqueo, Julián Equihua, Pedro Maeda, Michael Schmidt, Melanie Kolb, Nashieli Garcia Alaniz, Mariana Munguía-Carrara, Sergio Villela, Oliver López,, Everardo Robredo, Santiago Martínez

Abstract

Ecosystems are highly valuable as a source of goods and services and as a heritage for future generations. Knowing their condition is extremely important for all management and conservation activities and public policies. Until now, the evaluation of ecosystem condition has been unsatisfactory and thus lacks practical implementation for most countries. We propose that ecosystem integrity is a useful concept that can be used to evaluate ecosystem condition through data science and machine learning. Based on a three tier (contextual, instrumental and hidden) model and a Bayesian network approach, we used field and remote sensing data to estimate the integrity of terrestrial ecosystems per 250 m in Mexico.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.32942/X2WS44

Subjects

Applied Statistics, Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Sciences, Forest Biology, Forest Sciences, Life Sciences, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Statistical Methodology, Statistical Models, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology

Keywords

Ecosystem Integrity, data science, machine learning, Bayesian Network, terrestrial ecosystems, Environmental Accounting, SEEA-United Nations

Dates

Published: 2024-01-16 09:08

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Language:
English

Data and Code Availability Statement:
https://monitoreo.conabio.gob.mx/indicadores.html