Polyploid plants take cytonuclear perturbations in stride

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1093/plcell/koae021. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

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Daniel B Sloan, Justin L Conover, Corrinne E Grover, Jonathan F Wendel, Joel Sharbrough


Hybridization in plants is often accompanied by nuclear genome doubling (allopolyploidy), which has been hypothesized to perturb interactions between nuclear and cytoplasmic (mitochondrial and plastid) genomes by creating imbalances in the relative copy number of these genomes and producing genetic incompatibilities between maternally derived cytoplasmic genomes and the half of the allopolyploid nuclear genome from the paternal progenitor. Several evolutionary responses have been predicted to ameliorate these effects, including selection for changes in protein sequences that restore cytonuclear interactions; biased gene retention/expression/conversion favoring maternal nuclear gene copies; and fine-tuning of relative cytonuclear genome copy numbers and expression levels. Numerous recent studies, however, have found that evolutionary responses are inconsistent and rarely scale to genome-wide generalities. The apparent robustness of plant cytonuclear interactions to allopolyploidy may reflect features that are general to allopolyploids such as the lack of F2 hybrid breakdown under disomic inheritance, and others that are more plant-specific, including slow sequence divergence in cytoplasmic genomes and pre-existing regulatory responses to changes in cell size and endopolyploidy during development. Thus, cytonuclear interactions may only rarely act as the main barrier to establishment of allopolyploid lineages, perhaps helping to explain why allopolyploidy is so pervasive in plant evolution.




Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Genetics and Genomics, Life Sciences, Plant Biology



Published: 2023-11-13 09:01


CC-BY Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International

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