Recent human-bear conflicts in Northern Italy: a review, with considerations of future perspectives

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: This is version 2 of this Preprint.

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


There are no comments or no comments have been made public for this article.


Download Preprint


Mattia De Vivo 


The killing of a runner in Northern Italy by a brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) and the subsequent investigation of such matter highlighted a Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) that has been present in Trentino since the introduction of bears for conservation during the Life Ursus Project. Such conflict may be exacerbated as both human and bear populations get bigger. In this paper, I summarize the information we have about the WHC in Trentino, the attacks on humans and the legal procedures available.
Several trends (e.g., increase of problematic bears) were already noticed and predicted in the past. The current legal instruments do not strictly define what a “dangerous bear” is, which lead to very subjective measures. Unless mitigation solutions are adopted (e.g., bear spray) or expanded (e.g., communication on the subject), WHC may disrupt the work done until now for bear conservation in the Italian Alps, due to a negative perception from the local population, which seems to be amplified by local politicians.



Animal Sciences, Behavior and Ethology, Biodiversity, Biology, Life Sciences, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Population Biology, Zoology


conservation, HWC, Italy, Trentino, Bear, Attack, Conservation Italy Trentino


Published: 2023-07-18 01:41

Last Updated: 2024-02-01 19:39

Older Versions

CC-BY Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International

Additional Metadata


Conflict of interest statement:

Data and Code Availability Statement:
Not applicable