Psychological and Cultural Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescription

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2022.12.010. This is version 2 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Francisco Dionisio 

Abstract

Humans have inundated the environment worldwide with antimicrobials for about one century, giving selective advantage to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Therefore, antibiotic resistance has become a public health problem responsible for increased mortality, and extended hospital stays because the efficacy of antibiotics has diminished. Hospitals and other clinical settings have implemented stewardship measures to reduce antibiotic administration and prescription. However, these measures demand multifactorial approaches, including multidisciplinary teams in clinical settings and the education of professionals and patients. Recent studies indicate that individual factors, such as mother-infant attachment and parenting styles, play a critical role in antibiotic use. Also, macro-contextual factors, such as economic, social, or cultural backgrounds, may impact antibiotic use rates. Therefore, research aiming to ameliorate stewardship measures must include psychological- and sociological-based research.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.32942/X2ZW21

Subjects

Biology, Economics, Geography, Life Sciences, Medicine and Health Sciences, Microbiology, Psychiatry and Psychology, Psychology, Public Health, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

Antibiotic Resistance, Stewardship programs for antibiotic prescription, Mother-infant attachment, Inglehart-Welzel cultural maps, Psychology of antibiotic use, Sociology of antibiotic use

Dates

Published: 2023-01-02 22:11

Last Updated: 2023-02-15 20:13

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License

CC-By Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

Data and Code Availability Statement:
Not applicable