Colombia reached 30 % of land and ocean conservation area. Megadiverse countries are hitting targets but missing the point

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


There are no comments or no comments have been made public for this article.


Download Preprint


Andres Felipe Suarez-Castro, Sofia Lopez-Cubillos, Jaime Burbano Girón, Diego Zarrate Charry, Alexandra Rodriguez Rodriguez, Nicola Clerici, María Cecilia Londoño Murcia, Dolors Armenteras Pascual, Susana Rodríguez Buriticá, Lina Munoz Avila, Elkin Alexi Noguera Urbano, Jose Manuel Ochoa Quintero, Fernando Jaramillo, Camilo Correa Ayram, Carolina Soto Vargas, Bibiana Gómez Valencia, Alexander Rincon Ruiz, David Hamilton


The global target to protect 30% of Earth’s land and ocean by 2030 has prompted governments to report their progress in biodiversity conservation. Announcements of countries reaching 30 % of conservation area are widely commended by the international community, despite signs of increasing pressures within protected areas, poor representativity of key threatened ecosystems, and a lack of indicators to monitor the impact of conservation areas on people. Using Colombia’s experience, we urge megadiverse countries to report indicators of how conservation actions at local scales impact global outcomes, how other effective area-based conservation measures (OEMCs) enhance the impacts of the existing protected area network, and how conservation areas promote an equitable and efficient distribution of benefits to people.



Life Sciences


area-based conservation measures, Protected areas, species diversity, ecosystem integrity, and connectivity, essential biodiversity variables (EBVs), Species Protection Index (SPI), Species Habitat Index (SHI), socio-ecological indicators


Published: 2022-11-08 20:08

Last Updated: 2022-11-09 04:08


CC-By Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement: