Impact of heat stress on the fitness outcomes of symbiotic infection in aphids: a meta-analysis

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.2660. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Kévin Tougeron, Corentin Iltis

Abstract

Beneficial microorganisms shape the evolutionary trajectories of their hosts, facilitating or constraining the colonization of new ecological niches. One convincing example entails the responses of insect-microbe associations to rising temperatures. Indeed, the insect resilience to stressful high temperatures depends on the genetic identity of the obligate symbiont and the presence of heat protective facultative symbionts. With accumulating empirical evidence, there is a need of integrative studies to draw general patterns about the thermal sensitivity of insect-microbe associations, from an eco-evolutionary perspective. Focusing on aphid-bacteria mutualisms, this meta-analysis aims to quantify the context-dependent impacts of symbionts on host phenotype in benign or stressful heat conditions, across fitness traits, types of heat stress, and symbiont species. We found that warming lowered the benefits (parasitoid resistance) and costs (development, fecundity) of infection by facultative symbionts, which was overall mostly beneficial to the aphids under short-term heat stress (heat shock) rather than extended warming. Heat tolerant genotypes of the obligate symbiont Buchnera aphidicola and some facultative symbionts (Rickettsia sp., Serratia symbiotica) improved or maintained aphid fitness under heat stress. As phytophagous insects are central to terrestrial ecosystems, symbiont-mediated responses to increasing mean temperatures and frequency of heat waves in the context of climate change are key elements that may have cascading effects on food webs and there is an urgent need to continue accumulating data on other models. We discuss the implications of these conclusions for the general understanding of the cost-benefits balance and eco-evolutionary dynamics of insect-microbe associations faced with climate change.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.32942/osf.io/nxdaw

Subjects

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology Life Sciences, Evolution, Life Sciences, Microbiology, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Other Microbiology

Keywords

fitness, life-history traits, secondary symbiont, Symbiosis, temperature, Warming

Dates

Published: 2021-11-24 09:54

License

CC-By Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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